Newsbud Roundtable- “A Turning Point in the Middle East & the Fall of an Empire!”

Newsbud Founder-Editor Sibel Edmonds joins foremost Middle East expert and analyst Prof. William Engdahl and top Russia-Balkans expert Professor Filip Kovacevic in a one-of-a-kind roundtable discussion on a Turning Point in the Middle East and the fall of the US Empire. Our distinguished panelists discuss Turkey’s major shift away from NATO and into further alliance with Russia, Iran and the rest of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the contentious coming Kurdish referendum, the recent Turkey-Germany spat, the CIA’s Fethullah Gulen’s infiltration of the German government, and much more.

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Show Notes

Turkey’s Shift from NATO Is Redrawing the Map

Turkey Urges Iraqi Kurds to Abandon Independence Vote

U.S. Urges Kurdistan to Delay Independence Referendum

Germany’s Juncker Says Erdogan’s Turkey Taking Giant Steps Away From EU

According to Germany’s Gabriel, “Turkey will never be EU member under Erdogan”

Berlin has been Intensifying Agitation against Turkey

Kurds Drive a Wedge between US and Turkey

US-Rebels Clash in Syria Becomes Attempt to 'Prevent Turkey from Entering Afrin'

BFP Exclusive- William Engdahl on Operation Gladio, Fethullah Gülen & One World Government

“CIA’s Graham Fuller: One of the early advocates of using Muslim Brotherhood & Gülen Cemaat to advance US foreign policy.”

The following is the translation of an interview with William Engdahl conducted by journalist Deniz Ülkütekin of Turkey’s Cumhuriyet:

  1. As I read you started to research about Gulen Cemaat when you came to Turkey for a conference. What was the thing that attracted your interest about Gulen and his members?
  2. WE: I am a geopolitical researcher and author now for more than thirty years. My prime theme is geopolitics or how power is organized in our world by whom, to what aim. When I was invited to Turkey on a speaking tour for one of my books, a Turkish journalist who since has become a trusted friend suggested if I wanted to understand what was going on in Turkey, a country I have long considered to have a far more positive role than she has played within NATO, I should look deeply into the Gülen Cemaat. That began a long process as I began to realize the deeper agenda behind the façade of Rumi that Gülen and his people project.

  3. Our first knowledge about Gülen is, his struggle against communism via a foundation (which was a NATO agenda indeed). So could we say that Gülen and his CIA relationship started long ago?
  4. WE: Yes, all evidence suggests that NATO Turkish Gladio networks picked up Gülen as a potentially useful asset years ago. As their agenda changed with the collapse of the Soviet Union, their role for Gülen changed as well and doors were opened for him to play that role.

    So in a true sense we can say that the Gülen Cemaat is the nothing more than the projection of an idea from Langley Virginia CIA headquarters, an idea from essentially stupid people there who believed they could use him and they could abuse religion as a cover to advance their design for global control, what David Rockefeller calls One World Government.

    Unlike the CIA’s Mujahideen Jihadists like Hekmatyar in Afghanistan or Naser Oric in Bosnia, the CIA decided to give Fethullah Gülen a radically different image. No blood-curdling, head-severing, human-heart-eating Jihadist. No, Fethullah Gülen was presented to the world as a man of “peace, love and brotherhood,” even managing to grab a photo Op with Pope John Paul II, which Gülen featured prominently on his website. The Gülen organization in the US hired one of Washington’s highest-paid Public Relations image experts, George W. Bush’s former campaign director, Karen Hughes, to massage his “moderate” Islam image. 

    The ideas and manipulations of the CIA and US State Department are collapsing everywhere today, but they are blinded by their own arrogance. Just look at their absurd mess they created with the neo-nazis in Ukraine. 

  5. As it's a very conflicted subject, how do you certainly believe that Gülen and CIA work together?
  6. WE: This is not merely my view but that of very knowledgeable Turkish analysts and even the former Turkish MIT senior figure, Osman Nuri Gundes, former FBI Turkish-American translator Sibel Edmonds, and others have documented his deep links to very senior CIA people such as Graham Fuller.  When Gülen fled Turkey to avoid prosecution for treason in 1998, he chose not to go to any of perhaps a dozen Islamic countries which could have offered him asylum. He chose instead the United States. He did so with the help of the CIA. The US State Department tried to block a special “preference visa as an alien of extraordinary ability in the field of education” permanent visa status for Gülen, arguing he was basically a fraud with a fifth grade education and no special Islam scholar. Over the objections of the FBI, of the US State Department and of the US Department of Homeland Security, three former CIA operatives intervened and managed to secure a Green Card and permanent US residency for Gülen.

    Intervention by three current or “former” CIA people--George Fidas, who was US Ambassador to Turkey and an ex CIA Deputy Director; Morton Abramowitz who was described as at least “informal” CIA, and CIA career man who spent time in Turkey, Graham E. Fuller. They got Gülen asylum in Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania. That certainly suggests a strong tie at the very least.   

  7. Was the relationship between Gulen and the CIA depending on both parties’ benefits? If so what were their benefits? How did CIA support Gulen to develop and grow his foundation?
  8. WE: Yes, clearly. For the Gülen Cemaat it enabled a vast business empire to be created which gained more and more influence by placing its people inside the police, the courts and education ministry. He could build his recruiting schools across Central Asia with CIA support. In the USA and Europe, CIA-influenced media like CNN gave him beautiful free publicity to overcome opposition to open his schools across America. For the CIA it was one more tool to destroy not only an independent secular Kemalist Turkey, but to advance their Afghan drug trade worldwide and to use Gülen’s people to destabilize opponent regimes that CIA network in Washington, the “deep state” wanted to get rid of.

    Sibel Edmonds, former FBI Turkish translator and “whistleblower,” named Abramowitz, along with Graham E. Fuller, as part of a dark cabal within the US Government that she discovered were using networks out of Turkey to advance a criminal “deep state” agenda across the Turkic world, from Istanbul into China. The network that she documented included significant involvement in heroin trafficking out of Afghanistan.

    On retiring from the State Department, Abramowitz served on the board of the US Congress-financed National Endowment for Democracy (NED), and was a co-founder with George Soros of the International Crisis Group. Both the NED and International Crisis Group were implicated in various US Government-backed “color revolutions” since the 1990’s collapse of the Soviet Union, from Otpor in Serbia to the 2004 Orange Revolution in Ukraine, the 2013-14 coup in Ukraine, to the 2009 Green Revolution in Iran, to the 2011 Lotus Revolution in Tahrir Square in Egypt. 

    Graham E. Fuller had been immersed in the CIA’s activities in steering Mujahideen and other political Islamic organizations since the 1980’s. He spent 20 years as CIA operations officer in Turkey, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Afghanistan, and was one of the CIA’s early advocates of using the Muslim Brotherhood and similar Islamist organizations like Gülen Cemaat to advance US foreign policy.

  9. How does CIA work via Gulen schools at Middle-Asia?
  10. WE: First it should be noted that Russia moved swiftly to ban the Gülen schools when the CIA began the Chechyn terror in the 1990’s. In the 1980’s when the Iran-Contra scandal broke in Washington (a scheme authored by Fuller at CIA), he “retired” to work at the CIA and Pentagon-financed RAND think-tank. There, under RAND cover, Fuller was instrumental in developing the CIA strategy for building the Gülen Movement as a geopolitical force to penetrate former Soviet Central Asia. Among his RAND papers, Fuller wrote studies on Islamic fundamentalism in Turkey, in Sudan, in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Algeria. His books praise Gülen lavishly.

    After the fall of the USSR, Fetullah Gülen’s cadre were sent to establish Gülen schools and Madrasses across newly-independent former Soviet states in Central Asia. It was a golden chance for the CIA, using the cover of Gülen religious schools, to send hundreds of CIA agents deep inside Central Asia the first time. In 1999 Fuller argued, “The policy of guiding the evolution of Islam and of helping them against our adversaries worked marvelously well in Afghanistan against the Russians. The same doctrines can still be used to destabilize what remains of Russian power, and especially to counter the Chinese influence in Central Asia.”

    Gülen was named by one former FBI authoritative source as, “one of the main CIA operation figures in Central Asia and the Caucasus.” During the 1990’s the Gülen schools then growing up across Eurasia were providing a base for hundreds of CIA agents under cover of being “native-speaking English teachers.” Osman Nuri Gundes revealed that the Gülen movement “sheltered 130 CIA agents” at its schools in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan alone in the 1990s.

  11. Gulen migrated from Turkey to USA at 1999, 3 days after terrorist Kurdish movement leader Abdullah Ocalan was kidnapped and brought to Turkey. What did it mean? Could Gulen co-operate better with CIA when he moved USA?
  12. WE: I think the CIA feared Gülen would end in prison and could be far more useful in US sanctuary where they could feed his image better and pump up his aura. Now clearly Gülen fears to return to Turkey even though he legally could. That says a lot.

  13. What does Gulen Foundation do for the benefits of CIA inside Turkey and Middle-East?
  14. WE: That would require a much longer discussion. What I find interesting is how a deep and now bitter split has emerged between Gülen Cemaat in Turkey and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. I believe Erdogan began to pursue his own agenda and that came in collision with that of the CIA and State Department for Turkey in the larger world.

  15. Turkish goverment AKP currently running a huge police operation against Gulen members among justice and police organisation, on the other hand, public sceptic about these operations as AKP and Gulen were also allies before november 17th corruption scandal occured. So could we say that AKP, Tayyip Erdogan and CIA were also allies once?
  16. WE: Turkey is a NATO member so no Turkish government is permitted for long if it tries to be independent of NATO, i.e. Washington, for long, as you know. When Erdogan began going his own way, the US networks began to demonize him in media worldwide, and Gülen media attacked him fiercely. I believe the split between Erdogan and Gülen went long before Nov. 17 scandals. Who was behind the leaking of those accusations? What was US Ambassador Francis Ricciardone doing in that regard? Interesting questions for someone.

  17. You say that CIA is at Gulen's side in their fight against AKP. What could CIA do to stop Erdogan and AKP?
  18. WE: My opinion is that was what the scandals were for, to try to prevent Erdogan’s election as President but they failed. Keep in mind the “scandal”  was about how Erdogan allegedly violated US oil sanctions against Iran, so the scandals were intended to break that trade, a Washington goal. 

  19. Anything to add...

WE: I believe that Turkey today can play a very positive role in a new world that is emerging to replace the world of CIA wars, terror and chaos. Turkey is a geopolitical crossroads which has the possibility to play a very positive role in the emerging Eurasian system of China and Russia, the countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, in building energy and rail infrastructure. By herself, Turkey will be isolated and broken as Ukraine, and by the same people. In a principled economic and political alliance with Russia and China, she can play a pivot role in building a new world free of the debt of the collapsing Dollar System that also included the stagnating Europe. Turkey has a beautiful opportunity to partner with Russia and change the world power balance. It will require a lot of will. But if done in a good open way, Turkey could enjoy prosperity as never before and be a genuine “good neighbor.”

# # # #

*For the original article (PDF) published by Cumhuriyet click here

William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

WHO exposed in Prenatal Mass Murder Operation in Kenya

How many other countries is WHO targeting for their special killing machine called tetanus vaccine?

The World Health Organization (WHO) has been discovered in a criminal, secret mass sterilization effort in Kenya under the guise of administering shots to (only) women against tetanus. The Kenya Catholic Doctors Association has discovered an antigen in the tetanus vaccines that causes miscarriages in a vaccine that is being administered to 2.3 million girls and women by the World Health Organization and UNICEF. [1] It Isn’t the first time WHO has tried secret prenatal mass murder in developing countries.

Dr. Muhame Ngare, spokesman for the Catholic Doctors Association, from Mercy Medical Centre in Nairobi clarified, “We sent six samples from around Kenya to laboratories in South Africa. They tested positive for the HCG antigen. They were all laced with HCG. This proved right our worst fears; that this WHO campaign is not about eradicating neonatal tetanus but a well-coordinated forceful population control mass sterilization exercise using a proven fertility regulating vaccine. This evidence was presented to the Ministry of Health before the third round of immunization, but was ignored.” [2]

According to Ngare, the doctors became alarmed when they were informed by WHO and the Nigerian Health Ministry that this tetanus vaccine involved an unprecedented five shots over more than two years and was applied only to women of child-bearing years. He noted, “Usually we give a series three shots over two to three years, we give it anyone who comes into the clinic with an open wound, men, women or children. If this is intended to inoculate children in the womb, why give it to girls starting at 15 years? You cannot get married till you are 18. The usual way to vaccinate children is to wait till they are six weeks old.” [3]

The Kenyan Health Ministry claims the fact that vaccinated women became pregnant afterwards in several cases disproves the charges. Yet, as Ngare points out, “We knew that the last time this vaccination with five injections has been used was in Mexico in 1993 and Nicaragua and the Philippines in 1994,” said Dr. Ngare. “It didn’t cause miscarriages till three years later,” which is why, he added, the counterclaims that women who got the vaccination recently and then got pregnant are meaningless.[4] Notable is the fact that giving the vaccine to 15 year old girls is just three years before they legally can marry.

Mexico and Nicaragua earlier

The presence of HCG or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in the Kenya tetanus vaccines being given only to women of child-bearing age is no minor thing. Since 1972 the Rockefeller Foundation has worked in secrecy with the WHO and various pharmaceutical companies to fund a WHO program in ‘reproductive health’ (sic). They developed an innovative  tetanus vaccine.[5]

In the early 1990’s, according to a report from the Global Vaccine Institute, the WHO oversaw massive vaccination campaigns against tetanus in Nicaragua, Mexico and the Philippines. Comite Pro Vida de Mexico, a Roman Catholic lay organization, became suspicious of the motives behind the WHO program. When they tested numerous vials of the vaccine they, like in Kenya today, found they contained the same Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin, or HCG. They found that curious in a vaccine designed to protect people against lock-jaw arising from infection with rusty nail wounds or other contact with certain bacteria found in soil. Tetanus is also rather rare so why a mass vaccination campaign and of only women. [6]

HCG is a natural hormone needed to maintain a pregnancy. However, when combined with a tetanus toxoid carrier, it stimulated the formation of antibodies against HCG, rendering a woman incapable of  maintaining a pregnancy, a form of concealed abortion. [7]

Investigation by Pro Fide uncovered the fact that the Rockefeller Foundation, working with John D.Rockefeller III’s Population Council, the World Bank, the UN Development Program, the Ford  Foundation, and others had been working with the WHO since the early 1970’s to develop an anti-fertility vaccine using HCG with tetanus as  well as with other vaccines. [8]

LifeSiteNews, which first reported the Kenya scandal, obtained a UN report of an August 1992 meeting at its world headquarters in Geneva where a group of ten scientists from Australia, Europe, India and the USA together with ten “women’s health advocates” from around the world, met to discuss use of “fertility regulating vaccines.” That meeting described the “anti-Human Chorionic Gonadotropin vaccine” as the most advanced. [9] No doubt over the past 22 years that vaccine has become even more effective in aborting a conception.

Now Kenya

Now some twenty years after the WHO and Rockefeller Foundation and the others were exposed illegally giving anti-fertility tetanus vaccines to millions of women in Mexico, Nicaragua and The Philippines, they have tried by stealth to do the same in Kenya, perhaps believing the world has a short memory.

The WHO attempt to introduce their HCG tetanus vaccines in Kenya was tried in the early 1990’s but failed owing to the warning then by the Kenyan Catholic Doctors Association that caused the government to stop the program. This time, despite their warning, the current government chooses to ignore it for reasons not yet clear.

Ngare further notes the sinister manner the vaccines are being given: “Only a few operatives from the government are allowed to give it out. They come with a police escort. They take it away with them when they are finished. Why not leave it with the local medical staff to administer?” The Kenyan doctors association also says that evidence shows the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, one of the largest funders of vaccination in Africa, is also behind the WHO prenatal mass murder attempt in Kenya. [10]

As a result of the publicity by the Kenyan Catholic doctors, the health committee of Kenya’s National Assembly has ordered an independent inquiry into the Catholic Church’s claims. The larger question is how many other countries is WHO targeting for their special killing machine called tetanus vaccine? [11]

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1] LifeSiteNews, A mass sterilization exercise: Kenyan doctors find anti fertility agent in UN tetanus vaccine, November 6, 2014, https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/a-mass-sterilization-exercise-kenyan-doctors-find-anti-fertility-agent-in-u

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] “Clinical Trials of a WHO Birth Control Vaccine”, The Lancet, 11 June 1988.

[6] F. William Engdahl,  Saat der Zerstörung, Kopp Verlag, 2013, pp.287-290.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Life Site News, op. cit.

[10] Kimberly M. Aquilina, Anti-Fertility Under The Guise Of A Tetanus Vaccine For Africa--Catholic Bishops Say Even Bill Gates Is In On It, November 10, 2014,  http://www.hngn.com/articles/48777/20141110/anti-fertility-under-the-guise-of-a-tetanus-vaccine-for-africa-catholic-bishops-say-even-bill-gates-is-in-on-it.htm

[11] LifeSiteNews, Kenyan government launches probe into claim UN is using vaccines for ‘mass sterilization,’ November 12, 2014, https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/kenyan-gvmt-launches-probe-into-claim-un-is-using-vaccines-for-mass-sterili.

 

The Secret Stupid Saudi-US Deal on Syria

The Kerry-Abdullah Secret Deal & An Oil-Gas Pipeline War

The details are emerging of a new secret and quite stupid Saudi-US deal on Syria and the so-called IS. It involves oil and gas control of the entire region and the weakening of Russia and Iran by Saudi Arabian flooding the world market with cheap oil. Details were concluded in the September meeting by US Secretary of State John Kerry and the Saudi King. The unintended consequence will be to push Russia even faster to turn east to China and Eurasia.

One of the weirdest anomalies of the recent NATO bombing campaign, allegedly against the ISIS or IS or ISIL or Daash, depending on your preference, is the fact that with major war raging in the world’s richest oil region, the price of crude oil has been dropping, dramatically so. Since June when ISIS suddenly captured the oil-rich region of Iraq around Mosul and Kirkuk, the benchmark Brent price of crude oil dropped some 20% from $112 to about $88. World daily demand for oil has not dropped by 20% however. China oil demand has not fallen 20% nor has US domestic shale oil stock risen by 21%.

What has happened is that the long-time US ally inside OPEC, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, has been flooding the market with deep discounted oil, triggering a price war within OPEC, with Iran following suit and panic selling short in oil futures markets. The Saudis are targeting sales to Asia for the discounts and in particular, its major Asian customer, China where it is reportedly offering its crude for a mere $50 to $60 a barrel rather than the earlier price of around $100. [1] That Saudi financial discounting operation in turn is by all appearance being coordinated with a US Treasury financial warfare operation, via its Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, in cooperation with a handful of inside players on Wall Street who control oil derivatives trading. The result is a market panic that is gaining momentum daily. China is quite happy to buy the cheap oil, but her close allies, Russia and Iran, are being hit severely.

The deal

According to Rashid Abanmy, President of the Riyadh-based Saudi Arabia Oil Policies and Strategic Expectations Center, the dramatic price collapse is being deliberately caused by the Saudis, OPEC’s largest producer. The public reason claimed is to gain new markets in a global market of weakening oil demand. The real reason, according to Abanmy, is to put pressure on Iran on her nuclear program, and on Russia to end her support for Bashar al-Assad in Syria.[2]

When combined with the financial losses of Russian state natural gas sales to Ukraine and prospects of a US-instigated cutoff of the transit of Russian gas to the huge EU market this winter as EU stockpiles become low, the pressure on oil prices hits Moscow doubly. More than 50% of Russian state revenue comes from its export sales of oil and gas.

The US-Saudi oil price manipulation is aimed at destabilizing several strong opponents of US globalist policies. Targets include Iran and Syria, both allies of Russia in opposing a US sole Superpower. The principal target, however, is Putin’s Russia, the single greatest threat today to that Superpower hegemony. The strategy is similar to what the US did with Saudi Arabia in 1986 when they flooded the world with Saudi oil, collapsing the price to below $10 a barrel and destroying the economy of then-Soviet ally, Saddam Hussein in Iraq and, ultimately, of the Soviet economy, paving the way for the fall of the Soviet Union. Today, the hope is that a collapse of Russian oil revenues, combined with select pin-prick sanctions designed by the US Treasury’s Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence will dramatically weaken Putin’s enormous domestic support and create conditions for his ultimate overthrow. It is doomed to fail for many reasons, not the least, because Putin’s Russia has taken major strategic steps together with China and other nations to lessen its dependence on the West. In fact the oil weapon is accelerating recent Russian moves to focus its economic power on national interests and lessen dependence on the Dollar system. If the dollar ceases being the currency of world trade, especially oil trade, the US Treasury faces financial catastrophe. For this reason, I call the Kerry-Abdullah oil war a very stupid tactic.

The Kerry-Abdullah secret deal

On September 11, US Secretary of State Kerry met Saudi King Abdullah at his palace on the Red Sea. The King invited former head of Saudi intelligence, Prince Bandar to attend. There a deal was hammered out which saw Saudi support for the Syrian airstrikes against ISIS on condition Washington backed the Saudis in toppling Assad, a firm ally of Russia and de facto of Iran and an obstacle to Saudi and UAE plans to control the emerging EU natural gas market and destroy Russia’s lucrative EU trade. A report in the Wall Street Journal noted there had been “months of behind-the-scenes work by the US and Arab leaders, who agreed on the need to cooperate against Islamic State, but not how or when. The process gave the Saudis leverage to extract a fresh US commitment to beef up training for rebels fighting Mr. Assad, whose demise the Saudis still see as a top priority." [3]

For the Saudis the war is between two competing age-old vectors of Islam. Saudi Arabia, home to the sacred cities of Mecca and Medina, claims de facto supremacy in the Islamic world of Sunni Islam. The Saudi Sunni form is ultra-conservative Wahhabism, named for an 18th Century Bedouin Islamic fundamentalist or Salafist named Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahha. The Taliban derive from Wahhabism with the aid of Saudi-financed religious instruction. The Gulf Emirates and Kuwait also adhere to the Sunni Wahhabism of the Saudis, as does the Emir of Qatar. Iran on the other hand historically is the heart of the smaller branch of Islam, the Shi’ite. Iraq’s population is some 61% majority Shi’ite. Syria’s President, Bashar al-Assad is a member of a satellite of the Shi’ite branch known as Alawite. Some 23% of Turkey is also Alawite Muslim. To complicate the picture more, across a bridge from Saudi Arabia sits the tiny island country, Bahrain where as many as 75% of the population is Shi’ite but the ruling Al-Khalifa family is Sunni and firmly tied to Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the richest Saudi oil region is dominated by Shi’ite Muslims who work the oil installations of Ras Tanura.

An oil and gas pipeline war

These historic fault lines inside Islam which lay dormant, were brought into a state of open warfare with the launching of the US State Department and CIA’s Islamic Holy War, otherwise known as the Arab Spring. Washington neo-conservatives embedded inside the Obama Administration in a form of “Deep State” secret network, and their allied media such as the Washington Post, advocated US covert backing of a pet CIA project known as the Muslim Brotherhood. As I detail in my most recent book, Amerikas’ Heiliger Krieg, the CIA had cultivated ties to the terrorist Muslim Brotherhood death cult since the early 1950’s.

Now if we map the resources of known natural gas reserves in the entire Persian Gulf region, the motives of the Saudi-led Qatar and UAE in financing with billions of dollars the opposition to Assad, including the Sunni ISIS, becomes clearer. Natural gas has become the favored “clean energy” source for the 21st Century and the EU is the world’s largest growth market for gas, a major reason Washington wants to break the Gazprom-EU supply dependency to weaken Russia and keep control over the EU via loyal proxies like Qatar.

The world’s largest known natural gas reservoir sits in the middle of the Persian Gulf straddling part in the territorial waters of Qatar and part in Iran. The Iranian part is called North Pars. In 2006 China’s state-owned CNOOC signed an agreement with Iran to develop North Pars and build LNG infrastructure to bring the gas to China.[4]

The Qatar side of the Persian Gulf, called North Field, contains the world’s third largest known natural gas reserves behind Russia and Iran.

In July 2011, the governments of Syria, Iran and Iraq signed an historic gas pipeline energy agreement which went largely unnoticed in the midst of the NATO-Saudi-Qatari war to remove Assad. The pipeline, envisioned to cost $10 billion and take three years to complete, would run from the Iranian Port Assalouyeh near the South Pars gas field in the Persian Gulf, to Damascus in Syria via Iraq territory. The agreement would make Syria the center of assembly and production in conjunction with the reserves of Lebanon. This is a geopolitically strategic space that geographically opens for the first time, extending from Iran to Iraq, Syria and Lebanon.[5] As Asia Times correspondent Pepe Escobar put it, “The Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline - if it's ever built - would solidify a predominantly Shi'ite axis through an economic, steel umbilical cord.”[6]

Shortly after signing with Iran and Iraq, on August 16, 2011, Bashar al-Assad’s Syrian Ministry of Oil announced the discovery of a gas well in the Area of Qarah in the Central Region of Syria near Homs. Gazprom, with Assad in power, would be a major investor or operator of the new gas fields in Syria. [7] Iran ultimately plans to extend the pipeline from Damascus to Lebanon’s Mediterranean port where it would be delivered to the huge EU market. Syria would buy Iranian gas along with a current Iraqi agreement to buy Iranian gas from Iran’s part of South Pars field.[8]

Qatar, today the world’s largest exporter of LNG, largely to Asia, wants the same EU market that Iran and Syria eye. For that, they would build pipelines to the Mediterranean. Here is where getting rid of the pro-Iran Assad is essential. In 2009 Qatar approached Bashar al-Assad to propose construction of a gas pipeline from Qatar’s north Field through Syria on to Turkey and to the EU. Assad refused, citing Syria’s long friendly relations with Russia and Gazprom. That refusal combined with the Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline agreement in 2011 ignited the full-scale Saudi and Qatari assault on Assad’s power, financing al Qaeda terrorists, recruits of Jihadist fanatics willing to kill Alawite and Shi’ite “infidels” for $100 a month and a Kalishnikov. The Washington neo-conservative warhawks in and around the Obama White House, along with their allies in the right-wing Netanyahu government, were cheering from the bleachers as Syria went up in flames after spring 2011.

Today the US-backed wars in Ukraine and in Syria are but two fronts in the same strategic war to cripple Russia and China and to rupture any Eurasian counter-pole to a US-controlled New World Order. In each, control of energy pipelines, this time primarily of natural gas pipelines—from Russia to the EU via Ukraine and from Iran and Syria to the EU via Syria—is the strategic goal. The true aim of the US and Israel backed ISIS is to give the pretext for bombing Assad’s vital grain silos and oil refineries to cripple the economy in preparation for a “Ghaddafi-”style elimination of Russia and China and Iran-ally Bashar al-Assad.

In a narrow sense, as Washington neo-conservatives see it, who controls Syria could control the Middle East. And from Syria, gateway to Asia, he will hold the key to Russia House, as well as that of China via the Silk Road.

Religious wars have historically been the most savage of all wars and this one is no exception, especially when trillions of dollars in oil and gas revenues are at stake. Why is the secret Kerry-Abdullah deal on Syria reached on September 11 stupid? Because the brilliant tacticians in Washington and Riyadh and Doha and to an extent in Ankara are unable to look at the interconnectedness of all the dis-order and destruction they foment, to look beyond their visions of control of the oil and gas flows as the basis of their illegitimate power. They are planting the seeds of their own destruction in the end.

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

<Endnotes:


[1] M. Rochan, Crude Oil Drops Amid Global Demand Concerns, IB Times, October 11, 2014     http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/crude-oil-drops-amid-global-demand-concerns-1469524

[2] Nihan Cabbaroglu, Saudi Arabia to pressure Russia Iran with price of oil, 10 October 2014, Turkish Anadolu Agency, http://www.aa.com.tr/en/economy/402343--saudi-arabia-to-pressure-russia-iran-with-price-of-oil

[3] Adam Entous and Julian E. Barnes, Deal With Saudis Paved Way for Syrian Airstrikes: Talks With Saudi Arabia Were Linchpin in U.S. Efforts to Get Arab States Into Fight Against Islamic State, Wall Street Journal, September. 24, 2014, http://online.wsj.com/articles/deal-with-saudis-paved-way-for-syrian-airstrikes-1411605329?mod=WSJ_hp_LEFTTopStories

[4] POGC, North Pars Gas Field, Pars Oil and Gas Company website, http://www.pogc.ir/NorthParsGasField/tabid/155/Default.aspx

[5] Imad Fawzi Shueibi , War Over Gas--Struggle over the Middle East: Gas Ranks First, 17 April, 2012. http://www.voltairenet.org/article173718.html

[6] Pepe Escobar, Why Qatar Wants to Invade Syria, Asia Times, September 27, 2012, http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article32576.htm

[7] Ibid.

[8] F. William Engdahl, Syria Turkey Israel and the Greater Middle East Energy War, Global Research, October 11, 2012, http://www.globalresearch.ca/syria-turkey-israel-and-the-greater-middle-east-energy-war/5307902

 

 

Hong Kong’s Umbrellas are ‘Made in USA’

The Washington Hong Kong “Democracy” Project

The Washington neo-cons and their allies in the US State Department and Obama Administration are clearly furious with China, as they are with Russia’s Vladimir Putin. As both Russia and China in recent years have become more assertive about defining their national interests, and as both Eurasian powers draw into a closer cooperation on all strategic levels, Washington has decided to unleash havoc against Beijing, as it has unleashed the Ukraine dis-order against Russia and Russian links to the EU. The flurry of recent deals binding Beijing and Moscow more closely—the $400 billion gas pipeline, the BRICS infrastructure bank, trade in rubles and renminbi by-passing the US dollar—has triggered Washington’s response. It’s called the Hong Kong ‘Umbrella Revolution’ in the popular media.   

In this era of industrial globalization and out-sourcing of US industry to cheap-labor countries, especially to China, it’s worth taking note of one thing the USA—or more precisely Washington DC and Langley, Virginia—are producing and exporting to China’s Hong Kong. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China has been targeted for a color revolution, one that has been dubbed in the media the Umbrella Revolution for the umbrellas that protesters use to block police tear gas.

The “umbrellas” for Hong Kong’s ongoing Umbrella Revolution are made in Washington. Proof of that lies not only in the obscenely-rapid White House open support of Occupy Central just hours after it began, following the same model they used in Ukraine.[1] The US State Department and NGOs it finances have been quietly preparing these protests for years. Consider just the tip of the Washington Hong Kong “democracy” project.

Same dirty old cast of characters…

With almost by-now-boring monotony, Washington has unleashed another of its infamous Color Revolutions. US Government-steered NGOs and US-trained operatives are running the entire Hong Kong “Occupy Central” protests, ostensibly in protest of the rules Beijing has announced for Hong Kong’s 2017 elections. The Occupy Central Hong Kong protest movement is being nominally led by a 17-year-old student, Joshua Wong, who resembles a Hong Kong version of Harry Potter, a kid who was only just born the year Britain reluctantly ended its 99-year colonial occupation, ceding the city-state back to the Peoples’ Republic. Wong is accompanied in Occupy Central by a University of Minnesota-educated hedge fund money man for the protests, Edward Chin; by a Yale University-educated sociologist, Chan Kin-man; by a Baptist minister who is a veteran of the CIAs 1989 Tiananmen Square destabilization, Chu Yiu-ming; and by a Hong Kong University law professor, Benny Tai Yiu-ting, or Benny Tai.

Behind these Hong Kong faces, the US State Department and its favorite NGO, the US Congress-financed National Endowment for Democracy (NED), via its daughter, the National Democratic Institute (NDI), is running the Occupy Central operation.  Let’s look behind the nice façade of peaceful non-violent protest for democracy and we find a very undemocratic covert Washington agenda.

Start with Chu Yiu-ming, the Baptist minister chosen to head Occupy Central. The most reverend Chu Yiu-ming is a founder and sits on the executive committee of a Hong Kong NGO-- Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor (HKHRM). HKHRM as they openly admit on their website, is mainly financed by the US State Department via its neo-conservative Color Revolution NGO called National Endowment for Democracy (NED).

They state their purpose: “HKHRM briefs the press, the United Nations, local and overseas governments and legislative bodies on Hong Kong human rights issues both orally and through written reports.” [2] In their 2013 Annual Report, the NED reports giving Rev. Chu Yiu-ming’s HK Human Rights Monitor a grant of US$ 145,000. You can buy a boatload of umbrellas for that. [3]  Chu’s HKHRM also works with another NED-financed creation, the Alliance for Reform and Democracy in Asia (ARDA).[4]

When Occupy Central top honchos decided to (undemocratically) name the very reverend Chu as leader of Occupy Central this past January, 2014, Chu said it was because “I have more connections with different activist groups, and experience in large-scale social campaigns." [5] He could have named NED as activist group and the CIA’s 1989 Tiananmen Square as a ‘large-scale social campaign,’ to be more specific. The Baptist preacher admitted that he was named de facto leader of Occupy Central by two other leading organizers of the civil disobedience movement, Benny Tai Yiu-ting and Dr Chan Kin-man, who wanted him "to take up" the role. [6]

Benny Tai is also familiar with the US State Department. Tai, law professor at the University of Hong Kong and co-founder of Hong Kong Occupy Central, works with the Hong Kong University Centre for Comparative and Public Law which receives grants from the NED subsidiary, National Democratic Institute for projects like Design Democracy Hong Kong. The Centre Annual Report states, “With funding assistance from the National Democratic Institute, the Design Democracy Hong Kong website was built to promote a lawful and constructive bottom-up approach to constitutional and political reform in Hong Kong.” [7] On its own website, NDI describes its years-long Hong Kong law project, the legal backdrop to the Occupy demands which essentially would open the door for a US-picked government in Hong Kong just as Victoria Nuland hand-picked a US-loyal coup regime in Ukraine in February 2014. The NDI boasts,

 The Centre for Comparative and Public Law (CCPL) at the University of Hong Kong, with support from NDI, is working to amplify citizens’ voices in that consultation process by creating Design Democracy Hong Kong (www.designdemocracy.hk), a unique and neutral website that gives citizens a place to discuss the future of Hong Kong’s electoral system. [8]

The Hong Kong wunderkind of the Color Revolution Washington destabilization, 17-year-old student, Joshua Wong, founded a Facebook site called Scholarism when he was 15 with support from Washington’s neo-conservative National Endowment for Democracy via its left branch, National Democratic Institute and NDI’s NDItech project. [9] And another Occupy Central leading figure, Audrey Eu Yuet mee recently met with Vice President Joe Biden.[10] Hmmmm.

Cardinal Zen and cardinal sin…

Less visible in the mainstream media but identified as one of the key organizers of Occupy Central is Hong Kong’s Catholic Church Cardinal Bishop Emeritus, Joseph Zen. Cardinal Zen according to the Hong Kong Morning Post, is playing a key role in the US-financed protests against Beijing’s authority. [11] Cardinal Zen also happens to be the primary Vatican adviser on China policy. Is the first Jesuit Pope in history, Pope Francis, making a US-financed retry at the mission of Society of Jesus founder (and, incidentally, the Pope’s real namesake) Francis Xavier, to subvert and take over the Peoples’ Republic of China, using Hong Kong as the Achilles Heel?

Vice President Joe Biden, whose own hands are soaked with the blood of thousands of eastern Ukraine victims of the neo-nazi civil war; Cardinal Zen; Reverend Chu; Joshua Wong; Benny Tai and the neo-conservative NED and its NDI and a bevy of other State Department assets and NGO’s too numerous to name here, have ignited a full-blown Color Revolution, the Umbrella Revolution. The timing of the action, a full two years before the Hong Kong 2017 elections, suggests that some people in Washington and elsewhere in the west were getting jumpy.

The growing Eurasian economic space of China in conjunction with Putin’s Russia and their guiding role in creating a peaceful and very effective counter-pole to Washington’s New World (dis-)Order, acting through organizations such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the BRICS, is the real target of their dis-order. That is really quite stupid of them, but then, they are fundamentally stupid people who despise intelligence.

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*This article was originally published here

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1] Reuters, White House Shows Support For Aspirations Of Hong Kong People, Reuters, September 29, 2014,     http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/29/white-house-hong-kong_n_5901782.html.

[2] Wikipedia, Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Human_Rights_Monitor#Officers.2C_founders_and_staff.

[3] NED, 2013 Annual Report, Grants, China (Hong Kong), http://www.ned.org/where-we-work/asia/china-hong-kong

[5] Asia News, Occupy Central chooses Rev Chu Yiu-ming as its new leader, January 3, 2014, http://www.asianews.it/news-en/%27Occupy-Central%27-chooses-Rev-Chu-Yiu-ming-as-its-new-leader-29951.html

[6] Ibid.

[7] Hong Kong University Centre for Comparative and Public Law, Annual Report, 2014, http://www.law.hku.hk/ccpl/Docs/Annual%20Report%202014.pdf.

[8] Tony Cartalucci, US Openly Approves Hong Kong Chaos it Created, September 30, 2014, Land Destroyer Blog, http://landdestroyer.blogspot.de/2014/09/us-openly-approves-hong-kong-chaos-it.html

[9] NDI, In Hong Kong Does Change Begin with a Single Step?, September27, 2012, National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, https://www.demworks.org/blog/2012/09/hong-kong-does-change-begin-single-step

[10] Tony Cartalucci, op. cit.

[11] Timmy Sung, Ernest Kao and Tony Cheung, Occupy Central is on: Benny Tai rides wave of student protest to launch movement, September 27, 2014, Hong Kong Morning Post, http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1601625/hong-kong-students-beat-us-it-benny-tai-declares-start-occupy-central

 

Will the Real ‘Al Baghdadi’ of ISIS Please Stand Up?

Another operation to weaken Iran’s influence in the region & reshape the geopolitical map with the aim of a major energy power shift in gas and oil pipelines

In recent weeks the world has been shocked by countless YouTube videos (curious that Google does not ban them as they do other far less offensive videos), purporting to be posted by the Islamic Jihadist ISIS (now in this era of sexy branding, we are supposed to call them just IS, in honor of their global proclamation of an Islamic State or caliphate). The YouTubes show apparent savage beheading by the Sunni Muslims of ISIS of “infidels” whether Christian, Kurd of Shi’ite Muslim or murder of US journalists. Now evidence is emerging that the commander of ISIS, who goes by the bizarre name, “Al Baghdadi” or the One from Baghdad, is actually not from Baghdad and not even an Arab Muslim.

Al-Baghdadi, who the US State Department names as Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri and Wikipedia names as Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, aka Emir Daash, supposedly took command of ISIS’ predecessor in Iraq, Al Qaeda in Iraq, in 2010. Greatly boosting his “bad guy” image, the US Government on 4 October 2011 put him on the elite list of the US State Department, “Specially Designated Global Terrorist,” a kind of “Football Hall of Fame” for terrorists designated by the US Government. As such Al Baghdadi has a price on his head of $10 million. That makes him Number two globally behind the champion and Osama bin Laden successor Ayman Al-Zawahiri who tops the league with a price of $25 million. [1]

A French news blog source, Croah.fr, citing Radio.ajyal.com, claims that sources linked to NSA whistleblower, Edward Snowden, have identified the feared Al-Baghdadi as one Simon Elliott (aka Elliott Shimon), born to two Jewish parents who was recruited by Israeli Mossad intelligence to infiltrate Al Qaeda in Iraq on behalf of Israeli, British and US intelligence around the time of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. [2]

US Trains ISIS fighters in Jordan

I must stress that the veracity of this claim about the true identity of Al-Baghdadi cannot as of this writing be confirmed at all, and may well be disinformation. What is clear however, is that the Obama Administration has in fact done everything imaginable to support the emergence of ISIS. According to WorldNewsDaily, Syrian rebels who afterwards joined the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIS, were trained in 2012 by US instructors working at a secret base in Jordan. [3]

Reuters and the UK Guardian as well as Germany’s Der Spiegel all reported in 2013 that the US had a massive secret training program in Jordan to train fighters against the Bashar al Assad regime in Syria.[4] At the time US sources made the dubious claim that they were being “careful” to screen out any Al Qaeda terrorists. One can imagine a US CIA recruiter asking a Sunni Jihadist: “Sir, are you or have you ever been linked with any terror organization on the US State Department list?” No Sir!, I only Kill in the name of Allah; I am no terrorist... “Ok, come in…”

According to those 2013 reports, as of March 2013 the plans of the US trainers were to provide training for a total 1,200 members of the "Free Syrian Army" in two camps in the south and the east of Jordan. According to Jordanian security service sources, “British and French instructors were also participating in the US-led effort.” The aim of that project was reportedly to build around a dozen units totaling some 10,000 fighters. [5] This is the origin of this “come out of the blue” ISIS that we are supposed to believe suddenly popped up full-blown with brilliant military victories in Iraq and Syria early in 2014. It would also explain why, despite repeated pleas from then Iraqi Shi’ite Prime Minister Maliki for US military support to contain the growing threat from “Al-Baghdadi” and ISIS, the Obama Administration repeatedly refused any support.

According to statements from an Iraqi Shi’ite source inside the Maliki government, at least one of the training camps of the ISIS was located near to the US major airbase at Incirlik near Adana, Turkey, where large numbers of American personnel and equipment are located. After their training at the Incirlik US facilities, thousands of “ISIS” Jihadists were sent to Iraq by way of Syria to join the effort to establish the Islamic caliphate or IS. [6]

Target: Russia

In a statement to the German ZDF television, German Development Minister Gerd Müller, in response to the question who is financing ISIS in Iraq and Syria, replied that, “A story like this always has a history. Who is financing these troops? Hint: Qatar." [7]

Qatar has been in the forefront of financing Jihadist terror and Muslim Brotherhood movements to the extent that Saudi Arabia a year ago forced a split within the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to try to isolate Qatar. Qatar is also a de facto US military base, with Doha the operational headquarters of the US Pentagon Southern Command. According to reports, Qatar, encouraged by the United States, is openly supporting, financing and arming the terrorist groups in Syria and Iraq, including ISIS.

Whether IS head Al Baghdadi, whose very name is also suspicious and means only “The One from Baghdad,” is a Mossad agent or not, it is increasingly clear that ISIS or IS, is not the force it claims to be, but an operation of US and certain EU and likely Israeli intelligence, to weaken Iran’s influence in the region and reshape the geopolitical map with the aim of a major energy power shift in gas and oil pipelines.

One of ISIS’ key military leaders, the Jihadist credited with being the “military mastermind” of the recent ISIS victories is Tarkhan Batirashvili. If his name doesn’t sound very Arabic, it’s because it’s not. Tarkhan Batrashvili is a Russian, actually an ethnic Chechen from near the Chechen border to Georgia. But to give himself a more Arabic flair, he also goes by the name Emir (what else?) Umar al Shishani. According to a November, 2013 report in The Wall Street Journal, Emir Umar or Batrashvili as you prefer, has made the wars in Syria and Iraq “into a geopolitical struggle between the US and Russia.” [8]  With Russian gas pipelines in Ukraine in grave danger of NATO takeover and US pressuring the EU to block both South Stream and North Stream, a US-backed Jihad that drives Russia out of both Iraq and Syria would be a devastating blow to Russian autonomy.

To be continued…

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F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst

William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1] US State Department, Terrorist Designation of Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri, Media Note--Office of the Spokesperson, Washington, DC, October 4, 2011 accessed in http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2011/10/174971.htm

[2] Joe le Corbeau, Simon Elliot, alias Al-Baghdadi, de père et mère juifs, et agent du Mossad, 3 August 2014, accessed in  http://croah.fr/corbeau-dechaine/simon-elliot-alias-al-baghdadi-de-pere-et-mere-juifs-et-agent-du-mossad/

[3] Aaron Klein, Blowback: US trained Islamists who joined ISIS, June 17, 2014, accessed in

http://www.wnd.com/2014/06/officials-u-s-trained-isis-at-secret-base-in-jordan/

[4] Gareth Jones, Americans are training Syria rebels in Jordan: Spiegel, Reuters, March 10, 2013, accessed in

[6] Aaron Klein, op. cit.

[7]  Daily Star,  Qatar financing ISIS jihadists: German minister, 20 August, 2014, accessed in http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2014/Aug-20/267815-qatar-financing-isis-jihadists-german-minister.ashx#ixzz3B0T9e6Nx.

[8] Alan Cullison, Meet the Rebel Commander in Syria That Assad Russia and the US All Fear:

Tarkhan Batirashvili, Ethnic Chechen, Leads Group Deeply at Odds with Western-Backed Rebels in Syria, Wall Street Journal, November 19, 2013, accessed in http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303309504579181962177007316

 

BFP Exclusive- “The EU and IMF Rape of Ukraine Agriculture”

Ukraine’s rogue regime lifts the ban on sale of farm land and to open its rich agriculture to Monsanto, DuPont & the GMO agribusiness cartel.

The Washington-orchestrated destruction of everything of possible value in Ukraine continues with a vengeance. On top of the deliberate ethnic cleansing of Russian-speaking citizens of the Donbass in eastern Ukraine by the psychopaths in Kiev, now the brutal dictates of the US-led International Monetary Fund (IMF) is forcing one of the world’s most precious agriculture regions into the hands of Monsanto and western agribusiness.

It is useful to recall that the ostensible trigger for the months’-long Maidan Square opposition protests against the Yanukovich government that began in November 2013 was the decision by Yanukovich to reject an EU Association Agreement. That EU agreement was tied to a $17 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Instead of the EU and IMF deal, Yanukovich choose a Russian aid package worth $15 billion plus a 33% discount on Russian natural gas and Ukrainian membership in the emerging Eurasian Economic Union with Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus.

The stakes for Ukraine were far more that an apparent couple of billion dollars difference, however. Here the details of the IMF loan “conditionalities” are vital to understand why Yanukovich rightly said no. When allegedly NATO-trained snipers opened fire on Maidan Square peaceful protesters as well as state police, killing many, the ensuing panic led to the flight of Yanukovich and installation of the exact government the US State Department Assistant Secretary for Eastern Europe, Victoria “Fuck the EU” Nuland told her Kiev US Ambassador she wanted. The key Prime Minister post, as she demanded, went to a former finance minister friendly to the US and the IMF, Arseny Yatsenyuk, whom she affectionately referred to as “Yats.”

Within a week after Yatsenyuk took over, the IMF sent a rush mission to Kiev to  confirm if the new government was ready to go with the IMF conditions of the $17 billion loan. The answer was a resounding Yes! IMF European Department Director Reza Moghadam declared at the end of this visit that he was “positively impressed with the authorities’ determination, sense of responsibility and commitment to an agenda of economic reform and transparency.”

On May 22, the American President of the World Bank in Washington, Jim Yong Kim, announced a $3.5 billion Ukraine aid package. Jim Yong Kim praised the Yatsenyuk government for its “comprehensive program of reforms, which they are committed to undertake with support from the World Bank Group.” [i]

Raping Ukraine Agriculture

The IMF major focus is on “opening up” Ukraine’s agriculture riches to takeover by US and EU agribusiness giants, above all, Monsanto and DuPont, the world’s largest purveyors of GMO seeds.

On May 27, 2014, the New York Times revealed the truth about the “generous” IMF credit. True to the saying, “There’s no such thing as a free lunch” Ukraine has to pay and pay dearly. The New York Times revealed that “Western interests

are pressing for change; big multinationals have expressed tentative interest in Ukrainian agriculture.” The Times further revealed how the reforms of the Ukrainian economy and particularly of its agricultural sector that were tied to

the $17 billion IMF deal sought to “bolster the confidence of foreign investors” by addressing the Ukrainian agricultural sector’s “red tape and inefficiencies.”

Even in 2012, when then-President Yanukovich rejected the IMF and World Bank Conditionalities as too burdensome, the World Bank began a program to expand agribusiness in Ukraine through the International Financial Corporation (IFC), its private sector arm. The IFC established the Ukraine Investment Climate

Advisory Services Project to enhance the investment climate specifically for agribusiness. The project proposes to improve the agricultural business environment by “streamlining or eliminating 58 different procedures and practices by 2015.” Among the IFC demands were that Ukraine “delete provisions regarding mandatory certification of food in the listed laws of Ukraine and Government decree,” and harmonize its laws with international standards around pesticides, additives, and flavoring, to avoid “unnecessary cost for businesses.” [ii] Those are presumably now being implemented under the pro-IMF Yatsenyuk government, eliminating any governmental food safety certification, allowing free use of pesticides and herbicides and food additives like MSG.

Historically Ukraine has been known as the “Breadbasket of Europe.” According to a 2013 forecast by the US Department of Agriculture, Ukraine was poised (before the Washington-instigated February Coup) to become the world's second biggest grain exporter in the world after the US. It shipped over 30 million tons of grain out of the country last year.[iii]

Ukraine still holds some of the world’s richest black top soil. Ukraine’s vast agricultural lands, mostly in the western part, made it before the crisis the world’s third largest exporter of corn and cotton, fifth largest exporter of wheat, and largest grower of sunflowers for oil. Its rich soil gives high yields of grains and cereals. Until recently Ukrainian law has largely blocked private ownership of farmland. Ukrainian law also banned planting of GMO seeds.

EU lifts GMO Ban

Virtually blacked out of the European and Western media is a clause in the terms of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Article 404 of the EU agreement relates to agriculture. It includes a clause that has generally gone unnoticed: it indicates, among other things, that both parties will cooperate to extend the use of biotechnologies.[iv] Biotechnology is the Monsanto euphemism for Genetically Manipulated Organisms (GMO). The official text of Article 404 of the EU Association Agreement Ukraine signed reads: “AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, ARTICLE 404: Cooperation between the Parties in the field of agriculture and rural development shall cover, inter alia, the following areas:…

(c) promoting modern and sustainable agricultural production, respectful of the environment and of animal welfare, including extension of the use of organic production methods and the use of biotechnologies, inter alia, through the implementation of best practices in those fields.” [v]

In short, Ukraine’s rogue regime has already agreed to lift the ban on sale of farm land and to open its rich agriculture to Monsanto, DuPont and the GMO agribusiness cartel. That spells devastating implications for the possibility to keep the EU relatively GMO free.

The big US grain and seed companies are already crawling over Ukraine, even before the February coup. Wall Street investment banker Michael Cox, head of research at Piper Jaffray recently wrote that today Ukraine is one of the “most promising growth markets for…seed producers Monsanto and DuPont."[vi]

Monsanto has been active in allegedly non-GMO areas in Ukraine for several years. Already in May 2013, Monsanto, now the world's largest seed company, unveiled plans to launch a “non-GMO” corn seed plant in Vinnytsya in western Ukraine. Vitaliy Fedchuk, in Corporate Affairs at Monsanto Ukraine, told Reuters, "The seeds will be for the Ukrainian market and for export."

That announcement was before Ukraine agreed to the EU Article 404 to allow GMOs and with the IMF to open land sales of agriculture lands to private investors. Around the same time DuPont’s Pioneer Hi-Bred, another of the major GMO seeds companies announced construction of a $40 million seeds plant in Poltova in central Ukraine to produce seeds of maize, sunflower and rape. The name of the plant is «Stasi Seeds Pioneer Hi-Bred». They have also not declared if they will produce GMO seeds in the plant.

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F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

 


[i] Jettie Word, Alice Martin-Prével, and Frédéric Mousseau, Walking on the West Side: The World Bank and the IMF in the Ukraine Conflict, The Oakland Institute, July 28, 2014, accessed in  http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/walking-west-side-world-bank-and-imf-ukraine-conflict.

[ii] Ibid.

[iii] Kanya DAlmeda, Is Europe’s Breadbasket Up for Grabs?, IPS, July 30, 2014, accessed in http://www.globalissues.org/news/2014/07/30/19828.

[iv] Jettie Word, et al, Op. Cit.

[v] European Union, EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, TITLE V: ECONOMIC AND SECTOR COOPERATION, Article 404, accessed in http://eeas.europa.eu/ukraine/pdf/6_ua_title_v_economic_and_sector_cooperation_en.pdf

[vi] Jettie Word, et al, Op. Cit.

 

BFP Exclusive-Stench of Corruption a Ukraine Oligarch Shale Gas Civil War & Baby Biden

Hunter Biden & A Dodgy Company Called Burisma

Ukrainian politics has had the stench of corruption since the free-for-all to loot the country following the declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. However today, some five months after the gangster-led Washington-orchestrated coup d’etat that put the present regime illegally in power in Kiev, that stench is becoming unbearable. Now it involves the case of Ukraine’s deposits of shale gas.

According to a survey done for the US Department of Energy two years ago, Ukraine could have 42 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of shale gas resources technically recoverable from 197 tcf of total shale gas in place. Annually, to put that into perspective, Ukraine is transit (or was until a few weeks ago) to 3 Tcf of Russian natural gas destined for Germany, Austria and other countries. Ukraine itself consumes some 1.8 Tcf annually of natural gas. So some shrewd Ukrainian businessmen along with the ever-politically engaged Royal Dutch Shell—the Dutch-UK energy giant, decided they would drill that shale and frack it like they are doing in Texas today. Here is where it gets really interesting.

Burisma Holdings

The Ukrainian company that has grabbed (literally) the lease rights to the lion’s share of Ukraine’s shale area is called Burisma Holdings. Burisma Holdings is Ukraine’s largest natural gas producer so that in itself is not that surprising. But wait. It gets smellier. Burisma Holdings is the company that raised eyebrows a few months ago when they announced they had hired the son of the US Vice President to handle their legal division and all international relations of the company. Hunter Biden was also given a seat on Burisma’s board of directors. [1]

What’s wrong with that, you ask? Is the father responsible for his adult son? Or could it be something uglier still. Was “Baby” Biden explicitly chosen as Billy Carter was chosen by the Libyan government,  because he was the son of a powerful man in Washington and would be the link between Burisma Holdings and the Obama Administration?  Here we can make an educated guess that the answer is yes.

Joe Biden and son Hunter Biden came under fire back in 2005 when Joe Biden was an influential Senator before becoming Vice President. MBNA, then the world’s largest private credit card issuer hired Baby Biden as the company’s Vice President. At the same time Senator Biden was then receiving his largest campaign contributions from MBNA and, conveniently for MBNA, was lobbying other Senators to pass bankruptcy reform legislation supported by MBNA. US media referred critically to Senator Biden at the time as the "Senator from MBNA." [2]

But it gets far worse in Ukraine. This April Hunter Biden agreed to join the board of one of the most politically-charged, scandal-ridden companies in scandal-ridden Ukraine just as his father, Joe, is up to his eyeballs in US illegal operations with the State Department’s Victoria Nuland in orchestrating forced regime change in Ukraine. The Biden board post at Burisma was made public at the same time Vice President father Joe was in Kiev wheeling and dealing with the new US-installed regime there.

And son Hunter also sits on the Chairman’s Advisory Board for the National Democratic Institute (NDI). The NDI is a project of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the taxpayer funded organization that does what the CIA did covertly 25 years ago, according to one of its founders, Alan Weinstein.

Burisma Holdings is part of the vast business empire of Ukraine’s second richest billionaire oligarch, Ihor Kolomoisky. Joining Hunter Biden on the Burisma Board of Directors is no less than Aleksander Kwaśniewski, named in January just weeks before the US Kiev coup. Kwaśniewski was President of the Republic of Poland during the G.W. Bush presidency. Chairman of Burisma is a Wall Street former Merrill Lynch investment banker named Alan Apter. Finally, Burisma also at the same time named to the board Devon Archer, Hunter Biden’s partner at a US investment firm, Rosemont Seneca Partners, and a manager of the family wealth fund of Secretary of State John Kerry’s wife Theresa Heinz Kerry, widow of Henry Heinz III. Archer also sits on the board of the family’s Howard J. Heinz trust. So with these two board appointments in April, Burisma gained the son of the Vice President of the United States and the financial adviser to the family of the Secretary of State. Not bad for an almost unknown Ukraine-Cyprus company.[3]

Burisma itself seems very dodgy as a company. It is based in Cyprus and little information about the business is possible to find. The company lacks a profile in Bloomberg, and had no Wikipedia presence whatsoever.[4]

Now it gets really interesting, though. The illegal Kiev regime on March 3 only days after their bloody coup, presumably under guidance from Nuland’s State Department, appointed Kolomoisky as Governor of Dnipropetrovsk oblast in eastern Ukraine, precisely the region where Ukraine’s shale gas deposits lie.[5] Burisma Holdings has drilling rights to just that part of eastern Ukraine in the Dneiper-Donets Basin near Kharkiv where the fiercest resistance to Kiev dictates is found.

As we detailed in a previous article, [6] Kolomoisky, a Ukrainian who also holds an Israeli passport and who runs his Privat Group empire from Switzerland, has raised his own private army as governor to wage war against the east Ukraine rebels. Rebels who just happen to live in the area where he has a joint venture with the Anglo-Dutch energy giant, Shell, to drill for shale gas.[7]

An estimated 90% of Ukraine’s estimated shale gas reserves are in eastern Ukraine and Oligarch Kolomoisky’s Burisma Holdings has leases together with Royal Dutch Shell. Source: Oil & Gas Journal

Ukraine Army Guards Shale Fields

Now Russian media reports that the private army soldiers are actually secretly bringing in oil and gas fracking equipment and drilling rigs into the region where Kolomoisky’s army has secured the area. On July 25 Itar-Tass reported from Donetsk that Ukrainian troope were helping to install shale gas production equipment near the east Ukrainian town of Slavyansk, which they bombed and shelled for the three preceding months. “Civilians protected by Ukrainian army are getting ready to install drilling rigs. More equipment is being brought in,” they said, adding that the military are encircling the future extraction area.[8]

Slavyansk  is in the heart of the Yzovka shale gas field, where local residents before the February coup had staged numerous protests against its shale fracking development. In May 2012, Ukraine’s State Service for Geology and Mineral Resources granted the right to develop the Yuzovka shale gas deposit to British-Dutch Shell. Burisma also has the right to develop the shale gas fields in the Dnieper-Donetsk basin of Eastern Ukraine. [9]

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F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1]Press Release, Burisma Holdings Board Member Hunter Biden outlines his mission for the Company, Burisma Holdings, May 12, 2014, accessed in http://burisma.com/hunter-biden-joins-the-team-of-burisma-holdings/
[2] CBS News, MBNA Paid Biden's Son As Biden Backed Bill, CBSNewsCBS/AP, August 25, 2008,  accessed in http://www.cbsnews.com/news/mbna-paid-bidens-son-as-biden-backed-bill/
[3] Press Release, Burisma Holdings…, op. cit.
[4] Mollie Hemingway, Nine Questions To Ask About Bidens Work With A Gas Company In Ukraine. The Federalist, May 13, 2014, accessed in http://thefederalist.com/2014/05/13/9-questions-to-ask-about-bidens-work-with-a-gas-company-in-ukraine/.
[5]Olga Rudenko, Billionaire Kolomoisky takes over in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast blasting Putin and Yanukovych, Kyiv Post, March 3, 2014, accessed in http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/billionaire-kolomoisky-takes-over-in-dnipropetrovsk-oblast-criticizing-putin-and-yanukovych-338261.html.
[6] F. William Engdahl, Ukraine-MH17 ist eine »Falsche Flagge« der CIA, und sie wird nicht funktionieren, KoppOnline.de, 26.7, 2014, accessed in http://info.kopp-verlag.de/hintergruende/enthuellungen/f-william-engdahl/ukraine-mh17-ist-eine-falsche-flagge-der-cia-und-sie-wird-nicht-funktionieren.html
[7] Press release, Burisma Holdings, op. Cit.
[8]Itar-Tass, Ukrainian army helps installing shale gas production equipment near Slavyansk, July 25, 2014, accessed in http://en.itar-tass.com/world/742366.
[9]Ibid.

Putin and BRICS form Seed Crystal of a New International Monetary Pole

The Creation of an historic alternative to an Anglo-American monetary & financial system

Future historians will mark the July 16-17 heads of state meeting of the five BRICS nations in Fortaleza Brazil as one of the major turning points in world history since the 1815 defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo and the rise of the British and then the American imperial domination of the world. Russian President Vladimir Putin is taking what is clearly the leading role in the creation of an historic alternative to an Anglo-American monetary and financial system through BRICS. The next months will be decisive in this history.

By far the most significant agreement of the meeting was an agreement to create what has been named the New Development Bank, with initial capital of $50 billion that could later reach $100 billion. As well BRICS agreed to a new $100 billion reserve pooling arrangement that will make a repeat of the 1997 Wall Street US financial attacks on Asian “Tiger” countries very difficult and costly.

The development bank would provide financing to BRICS and other emerging market and developing countries for infrastructure, industrialization and productive development. The reserve pool would allow BRICS and other nations to draw on pooled reserves in the event of balance of payments crises or threats to their currencies.[1]

The $100 billion crisis lending fund, called the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), was established. China, with the world’s largest currency reserves, will contribute the lion’s share, about $41 billion, Russia, Brazil and India will chip in $18 billion, and South Africa, the newest member of the economic bloc, will contribute $5 billion.[2]

In a shrewd move to defuse the idea that China or any one BRICS state garner too much power, the new bank will be based in Shanghai, China, and India will preside over its operations for the first six years, followed by five-year terms for Brazil and then Russia. That is a dramatic change from the iron rules of the US-dominated International Monetary Fund (IMF), where Washington has de facto held a controlling veto minority vote since 1944 despite the relative decline of the economic weight of the USA since. Through the veto Washington has until now managed to sabotage any efforts by developing nations to make the IMF and its sister the World Bank more representative of the needs of the rest of the world.

Ironically, BRICS was originally a created acronym by a Wall Street investment banker, Jim O’Niell, who wanted to encourage investors to invest in the fastest-growing large emerging economies. Despite that peculiar beginning, today BRICS includes Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. It is significant geo-graphically as it encompasses the vast potential of Eurasia while including two crucial economies from Africa and South America. Thus it sets a frame to incorporate other suitable nations in the future as it develops.

Putin’s vision

In an extensive interview with Itar-Tass news service, President Putin laid out major aspects of what is developing strategy for the big five BRICS: “The modern world is indeed multipolar, complex, and dynamic – this is objective reality. Any attempts to create a model of international relations where all decisions are made within a single ‘pole’ are ineffective, malfunction regularly, and are ultimately set to fail,” the Russian leader declared.

Putin went on to indicate that the then-forthcoming BRICS meeting would take major steps, as it in fact did: “I believe it is time to raise the BRICS' role to a new level and to make our association an unalienable part of the global management system for sustainable development.” [3]

Political alternative

In his remarks, Putin, who is clearly the driving force behind the enhanced international role of the BRICS, stated that the five nations, who together comprise two UN Security Council veto members and a combined population of almost 3 billion people, would move to speak with a single voice on principled issues of international affairs and of the UN Charter, a document that people in Washington and Brussels today seem to have forgotten even exists.

Putin called for BRICS to, “develop cooperation in the UN in every possible way, persistently counteract individual states' attempts to impose on the international community the policy of displacing unwanted regimes and promoting unilateral solutions to crisis situations. We propose to create a mechanism of regular high level consultations between our foreign ministries on different regional conflicts to agree, where possible, on common positions and joint efforts to ensure their political and diplomatic settlement.” [4]

For anyone needing it, he was referring, diplomatically, to Washington and the EU.

The “Rio Consensus”

But the heart of the major expansion of the role of the five nation BRICS will be in the area of global monetary coordination and creation of an infrastructure development bank to finance major projects in the BRICS and even beyond. These are projects that the World Bank and IMF refuse to finance because they do not serve the agenda of US or EU multinationals like ExxonMobil or Monsanto.

Although he did not say so explicitly, Putin’s entire remarks were an assault on the de facto neo-colonial role of the IMF and World Bank with their “Washington Consensus” of imposing austerity, selloff of state companies and currency devaluation—policies which, conveniently, uniquely favor the financial and industrial interests of the advanced countries.

De facto, by creating a new BRICS’ New Development Bank with $50 billion capital, with its own control, its own rules, completely independent of IMF dictates, BRICS have done, for the first time in the postwar era, a revolution against the dollar system, a system that exercises until now a lock-grip on world development and directs it in a lopsided way to the benefit of the so-called rich nations. The unwritten rule there was that the head of the IMF is always a European and the World Bank chief is to be an American with both based in Washington D.C.

Every one of the BRICS countries with the sole exception of China has been the recipient of IMF conditionalities and brutal demands and, more importantly, bitterly opposes them. After the US-fostered breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 Washington forced all economic investment into Russia to be conditional on IMF approval. The US Treasury controlled the IMF. That enabled US multinationals and Wall Street to loot the wealth of Russia during the Yeltsin era. Similarly during the Third World debt crisis of the 1980’s Brazil and later South Africa were under the bloody thumb of the IMF dictates.

Now with these two new institutions as the “seed crystal” of a new just world economic system, the BRICS have the chance to formulate a “peoples’ consensus” or as some are already calling it, the “Rio Consensus” that would value rational national economic development, raising of the living standards of all, reduction of the power of corrupt oligarchs. All indications are that the Rio Consensus is already in draft preparation.

The New Development Bank will decide to fund infrastructure projects where members show a consensus, opposite IMF rules.

At its core is a commitment to financial stability and productive development in a manner that is inclusive, honors human rights and is environmentally sustainable. Organizations carrying out such a mission should also have a more equitable organizational structure with open and transparent rules. This crucially includes the mechanism for picking leaders and a more equal voting system for existing and new members. [5]

 As Asia Times respected analyst, Pepe Escobar, himself a person with deep roots in the BRICS world, described the developments,

[T]he key member of Putin's traveling party is Elvira Nabiulin, president of Russia's Central Bank; she is pressing in South America the concept that all negotiations with the BRICS should bypass the US dollar.

Putin's extremely powerful, symbolic meeting with Fidel Castro in Havana, as well as writing off $36 billion in Cuban debt could not have had a more meaningful impact all across Latin America. Compare it with the perennial embargo imposed by a vengeful Empire of Chaos.

In South America, Putin is meeting not only with Uruguay's President Pepe Mujica - discussing, among other items, the construction of a deepwater port - but also with Venezuela's Nicolas Maduro and Bolivia's Evo Morales.

Xi Jinping is also on tour, visiting, apart from Brazil, Argentina, Cuba and Venezuela. What Beijing is saying (and doing) complements Moscow; Latin America is viewed as highly strategic. That should translate into more Chinese investment and increased South-South integration. [6]

Though Vladimir Putin indicated that admission of new members to BRICS must wait the consolidation of these new institutions, already Indonesia, Turkey and a number of other fast-growing developing countries are lining up at the BRICS door to be considered. That in turn is building a major counter-weight to Washington’s Sole Superpower world.

BRICS Energy Association

Russia is also pushing for creation of a BRICS energy association. The idea would be to create a fuel reserve, as well as an Institute for Energy Policy, according to Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov.

"Russia will propose a number of specific issues for consideration, including establishing a BRICS energy association aimed at ensuring the energy security of its member states, and to conduct integrated research and analysis of global hydrocarbon markets. It is suggested that a fuel reserve and an energy policy institute for the BRICS will be created within this association," Ushakov told journalists in Brazil. 

In addition, Russia suggested a network to link the leading universities of Russia, China, Brazil, India and South Africa that will specialize in economics and technology, TASS reports. [7]

Conclusion

Putin and leading Russians have often said all Russia seeks is to be accepted as a member of the family of leading nations, with a place at the table of leading nations. The problem with that particular family, as Putin and much of the world are learning, is that the parents are genuine psychopaths.

Now, Russia with Brazil, India, China with South Africa are forming a new family, one where reason and at least a modicum of feeling or empathy for the plight of others exists. BRICS states are not responsible for the fact that the leading circles in the US and G7 are psychopaths. The G7 is today a Club of Failed Economies—USA, Britain, Italy, France, Canada, Japan. The only member with a halfway functioning economy is Germany. It makes sense for Putin and the BRICS to look for a better family, their own.

Vladimir Putin and his BRICS colleagues now can move to create an alternative that will benefit the entire world family. Such is my personal hope and dream since decades.

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:



[1] Kevin Gallagher, BRICS: Toward a Rio Consensus, Globalist, July 14, 2014, accessed in  http://www.theglobalist.com/brics-toward-a-rio-consensus/

[2] RT.com, BRICS establish 100billion bank and currency pool to cut out Western dominance, July 15, 2014, accessed in

http://rt.com/business/173008-brics-bank-currency-pool/

[3] Itar-Tass, Vladimir Putin It is time to raise the BRICS role to a new level, July 15, 2014, accessed in

[5] Kevin Gallaher, op. Cit.

[6]Pepe Escobar, BRICS against Washington consensus, Asia Times, 15 July 2014, accessed in www.atimes.com/atimes/World/WOR-01-150714.html

[7] RT.com, Russia pushes for BRICS energy association, RT.com, July 10, 2014, accessed in

Ukraine Coup Brings Russia and China Closer

The Geopolitical Implications of the Recent China-Russia Gas Agreement

Washington’s escalating military pressure against both Russia and China is bringing both Eurasian giants into close economic and even military cooperation. The latest indication of this is the signing in recent days of a mammoth natural gas agreement between Beijing and Moscow valued at $400 billion over the next 30-years. The agreement, signed after almost two decades of stalled negotiations, has major geopolitical implications.

The historic accord between Russia’s state-owned Gazprom and China’s state-owned CNPC (China National Petroleum Corporation) is the largest single trade deal in world history. It was signed in the presence of Russia’s President Putin at the end of a major two-day of strategic talks with China’s President Xi Jinping. It calls for delivery of 38 billion cubic meters of Russian natural gas to China. By comparison, Gazprom's sales to Europe rose by 15% last year to 174.3 billion cubic meters.

Since 2000 the natural gas demand in China for its growing industrial base has expanded by more than 600% with no end in sight. Now with a long-term infrastructure link with Russia, the two economies are likely to come closer than ever before.

Russia will invest some $70 billion in pipeline and related infrastructure to bring the East Siberian gas to China’s border where China will invest another $22 billion to bring the gas to its final destination in China’s industrial cities. Gas is set to flow as early as 2018. Russia will also double its oil exports to China to 1 million barrels a day.[1] The deal is a landmark in tying the economies of the two Eurasian powers closer together.

It also marks a major setback for the Washington geopolitical strategy of dividing the powers of the Eurasian continent to prevent a powerful rival to what Zbigniew Brzezinski calls America’s unchallenged hegemony. According to Bilderberg watcher Daniel Estulin, the geopolitical significance of the major Russian-China deal figures prominently on the agenda of the Bilderberg Atlantic elites’ closed-door meeting in Copenhagen these very days.

When Vladimir Putin took office as President a second time he announced that creating of an Eurasian Common Economic space would be his top priority. Russia and Kazakhstan, Belarus and more recently Armenia have agreed to formally initiate an Eurasian Economic Union by 2015. Indeed, the decision by the Viktor Yanukovic government in Ukraine last year to join Russia’s Eurasian union triggered the protests that enabled Washington to launch its illegal coup d’etat and install a puppet regime in Kiev hostile to cooperation with Russia.

Putin ‘Pivots’ to Asia too

The gas and oil deals are only one part of what is becoming a multi-faceted strategic partnership, if you will, Putin’s reply to Obama’s US military “Asia Pivot.” China’s President Xi has made construction of a “New Economic Silk Road” a strategic priority for China. It includes construction of new high-speed railway lines across the terrain of the historic silk route of Central Asia and runs through Russia on to European ports at Hamburg, Bremen and elsewhere.

In a recent trip to China I witnessed directly the importance the Chinese government places on the silk road infrastructure project to economically link all Eurasia and build new markets for trade ties. Daily, Chinese state media featured detailed historic and actual reports about the significance of the silk road. Ordinary Chinese spoke of the project proudly, with optimism for what would come. If the Silk Road infrastructure links also to Turkey, it would draw that vital state into the emerging Eurasian economic space.

Turkey today could become a vital economic crossroads between Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe if Erdogan is able to reign in the CIA-backed Fetullah Gülen influence inside Turkish politics and open Turkey to China and Russia, something which is looking more likely at this juncture since Erdogan’s recent election victories.

Putin and Xi agreed also during a two-day meeting in Shanghai, to a joint Russian-Chinese venture to produce commercial aircraft and heavy-duty helicopters, as well as joint development in petrochemicals, which indicate the elevation of Beijing-Moscow ties to a higher level and, more significantly, signify Russia's "pivot to Asia."

The Russia-China cooperation not only involves closer economic ties. Significantly, it also involves closer military cooperation. During Putin’s Shanghai visit, Putin and Xi both observed Joint Sea-2014 China-Russia naval drills in the East China Sea, and both sides announced that armed forces of the two countries will carry out more cooperation. The geography is similar in major respects to the days of Stalin and Mao, but today, given China’s enormous economic development since 1979, the terms are clearly far different. Each side has essential elements to bring to closer cooperation.

Putin’s Asian diplomacy

Putin’s new Asian pivot involves not only China. It also envisions potentially significant economic deals with both Japan and both Koreas that could considerably lessen Washington’s recent efforts to create deliberate tensions and frictions between China and both Japan and South Korea. Putin’s Russia has recently quietly settled outstanding debt disputes with North Korea (DPRK), forgiving some $10 billion of debts and giving very generous terms for a remaining $1 billion.

Moscow’s Gazprom and the DPRK's Ministry of Energy have now reached an understanding to build a natural gas pipeline that would enter North Korea from Russia at the Khasan crossing of the Tumen River on the Russia-North Korea. The pipeline would then extend through the DPRK to the Republic of Korea (Korean Gas Co). Then, in what is shaping up to be a new case of Russian "gas diplomacy," the pipeline would supply gas both to the Democratic Peoples’ Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea.[2]

The project has been discussed for more than a decade, but the new element is the recent decisive role of Moscow to actively push it, clearly also part of Putin’s “peaceful Asia Pivot.” And in September, Putin will go to Japan where the Abe government has been engaged in US-encouraged provocations with China over a group of uninhabited islands, which China calls the Diaoyu Islands in the South China Sea, believed to hold vast energy reserves.

More importantly, a related project of Russia includes building a modern train line from South Korea through North Korea into Russia where it would connect to the Trans-Siberian Railway. It would allow high-speed rail connections directly from South Korea to the markets of Europe for the first time, leaving the US Navy control of the high seas less threatening.

The brazen Washington coup and savage destabilization of Ukraine and Russia-Ukraine relations since last November has clearly accelerated closer ties between Russia and Russia’s eastern neighbors, above all, to China. President Obama may soon regret listening to his CIA and State Department warhawks, or to his NSC head and “Crusader-in-Chief,” Susan Rice, who seems to exercise an uncanny and clearly unhealthy influence over the President.

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

 

Endnotes:


[1] Vanessa Mock, et al, Gazprom CEO Says Agreement Worth $400 Billion Over 30 Years, Wall Street Journal, May 21, 2014, accessed in http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303749904579575582782386384?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424052702303749904579575582782386384.html.

[2] Kenneth Courtis,  Time for Russias ‘pivot to Asia,' China Daily, May 29, 2014, accessed in             http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2014-05/29/content_17549243.htm.

 

The Rape of Ukraine: Phase Two Begins

This Drama is Far from Over-Further Wars as the Prime Instrument of Policy

The events in Ukraine since November 2013 are so astonishing as almost to defy belief. An legitimately-elected (said by all international monitors) Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovich, has been driven from office, forced to flee as a war criminal after more than three months of violent protest and terrorist killings by so-called opposition.

His “crime” according to protest leaders was that he rejected an EU offer of a vaguely-defined associate EU membership that offered little to Ukraine in favor of a concrete deal with Russia that gave immediate €15 billion debt relief and a huge reduction in Russian gas import prices. Washington at that point went into high gear and the result today is catastrophe. A secretive neo-nazi military organization reported linked to NATO played a decisive role in targeted sniper attacks and violence that led to the collapse of the elected government. But the West is not finished with destroying Ukraine. Now comes the IMF with severe conditionalities as prerequisite to any Western financial help.   

After the famous leaked phone call of US Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland with the US Ambassador in Kiev, where she discussed the details of who she wanted in a new coalition government in Kiev, and where she rejected the EU solutions with her “Fuck the EU” comment,[1] the EU went it alone. Germany’s Foreign Minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier proposed that he and his French counterpart, Laurent Fabius, fly to Kiev and try to reach a resolution of the violence before escalation. Polish Foreign Minister, Radoslaw Sikorski was asked to join. The talks in Kiev included the EU delegation, Yanukovich, the three opposition leaders and a Russian representative. The USA was not invited.[2]

The EU intervention without Washington was extraordinary and reveals the deeping division between the two in recent months. In effect it was the EU saying to the US State Department, “F*** the US,” we will end this ourselves.

After hard talks, all major parties including the majority of protesters, agreed to new presidential elections in December, return to the 2004 Constitution and release of Julia Tymoshenko from prison. The compromise appeared to end the months long chaos and give a way out for all major players.

The diplomatic compromise lasted less than twelve hours. Then all hell broke loose.

Snipers began shooting into the crowd on February 22 in Maidan or Independence Square. Panic ensued and riot police retreated in panic according to eyewitnesses. The opposition leader Vitali Klitschko withdrew from the deal, no reason given. Yanukovich fled Kiev.[3]  

The question unanswered until now is who deployed the snipers? According to veteran US intelligence sources, the snipers came from an ultra-right-wing military organization known as Ukrainian National Assembly - Ukrainian People's Self-Defense (UNA-UNSO).

Members of UNA-UNSO marching in Lviv

Strange Ukraine ‘Nationalists’

The leader of UNA-UNSO, Andriy Shkil, ten years ago became an adviser to Julia Tymoshenko. UNA-UNSO, during the US-instigated 2003-4 “Orange Revolution,” backed pro-NATO candidate Viktor Yushchenko against his pro-Russian opponent, Yanukovich. UNA-UNSO members provided security for the supporters of Yushchenko and Julia Tymoshenko on Independence Square in Kiev in 2003-4.[4]

UNA-UNSO is also reported to have close ties to the German National Democratic Party (NDP). [5]

Ever since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 the crack-para-military UNA-UNSO members have been behind every revolt against Russian influence. The one connecting thread in their violent campaigns is always anti-Russia. The organization, according to veteran US intelligence sources, is part of a secret NATO “Gladio” organization, and not a Ukraine nationalist group as portrayed in western media. [6]

According to these sources, UNA-UNSO have been involved (confirmed officially) in the Lithuanian events in the Winter of 1991, the Soviet Coup d’etat in Summer 1991, the war for the Pridnister Republic 1992, the anti-Moscow Abkhazia War 1993, the Chechen War, the US-organized Kosovo Campaign Against the Serbs, and the August 8 2008 war in Georgia. According to these reports, UNA-UNSO para-military have been involved in every NATO dirty war in the post-cold war period, always fighting on behalf of NATO. “These people are the dangerous mercenaries used all over the world to fight NATO’s dirty war, and to frame Russia because this group pretends to be Russian special forces. THESE ARE THE BAD GUYS, forget about the window dressing nationalists, these are the men behind the sniper rifles,” these sources insist. [7]

If true that UNA-UNSO is not “Ukrainian” opposition, but rather a highly secret NATO force using Ukraine as base, it would suggest that the EU peace compromise with the moderates was likely sabotaged by the one major player excluded from the Kiev 21 February diplomatic talks—Victoria Nuland’s State Department.[8] Both Nuland and right-wing Republican US Senator John McCain have had contact with the leader of the Ukrainian opposition Svoboda Party, whose leader is openly anti-semitic and defends the deeds of a World War II Ukrainian SS-Galicia Division head.[9] The party was registered in 1995, initially calling itself the “Social National Party of Ukraine” and using a swastika style logo. Svoboda is the electoral front for neo-nazi organizations in Ukraine such as UNA-UNSO.[10]

One further indication that Nuland’s hand is shaping latest Ukraine events is the fact that the new Ukrainian Parliament is expected to nominate Nuland’s choice, Arseny Yatsenyuk, from Tymoshenko’s party, to be interim head of the new Cabinet.

Whatever the final truth, clear is that Washington has prepared a new economic rape of Ukraine using its control over the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

IMF plunder of Ukraine Crown Jewels

Now that the “opposition” has driven a duly-elected president into exile somewhere unknown, and dissolved the national riot police, Berkut, Washington has demanded that Ukraine submit to onerous IMF conditionalities.

In negotiations last October, the IMF demanded that Ukraine double prices for gas and electricity to industry and homes, that they lift a ban on private sale of Ukraine’s rich agriculture lands, make a major overhaul of their economic holdings, devalue the currency, slash state funds for school children and the elderly to “balance the budget.” In return Ukraine would get a paltry $4 billion.

Before the ouster of the Moscow-leaning Yanukovich government last week, Moscow was prepared to buy some $15 billion of Ukraine debt and to slash its gas prices by fully one-third. Now, understandably, Russia is unlikely to give that support. The economic cooperation between Ukraine and Moscow was something Washington was determined to sabotage at all costs. This drama is far from over. The stakes involve the very future of Russia, the EU-Russian relations, and the global power of Washington, or at least that faction in Washington that sees further wars as the prime instrument of policy.

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst

William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1]F. William Engdahl, US-Außenministerium in flagranti über Regimewechsel in der Ukraine ertappt, Kopp Online.de, February 8, 2014, accessed in http://info.kopp-verlag.de/hintergruende/enthuellungen/f-william-engdahl/us-aussenministerium-in-flagranti-ueber-regimewechsel-in-der-ukraine-ertappt.html

[2] Bertrand Benoit, Laurence Norman and Stephen Fidler , European Ministers Brokered Ukraine Political Compromise: German, French, Polish Foreign Ministers Flew to Kiev, The Wall Street Journal, February 21, 2014, accessed in   http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303636404579397351862903542?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424052702303636404579397351862903542.html

[3] Jessica Best, Ukraine protests Snipers firing live rounds at demonstrators as fresh violence erupts despite truce, The Mirror UK, February 20, 2014, accessed in http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/ukraine-protests-snipers-firing-live-3164828

[4] Aleksandar Vasovic , Far right group flexes during Ukraine revolution, Associated Press,  January 3, 2005, Accessed in http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20050103&slug=ukraine03

[5] Wikipedia, Ukrainian National Assembly  Ukrainian National Self Defence, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, accessed in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainian_National_Assembly_%E2%80%93_Ukrainian_National_Self_Defence

[6] Source report, Who Has Ukraine Weapons, February 27, 2014, private to author.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Max Blumenthal, Is the US backing neo-Nazis in Ukraine?, AlterNet February 25, 2014, accessed in

http://www.salon.com/2014/02/25/is_the_us_backing_neo_nazis_in_ukraine_partner/

[9] Channel 4 News, Far right group at heart of Ukraine protests meet US senator, 16 December 2013, accessed in

 

 

Turkey’s Real Corruption Scandal

Turkey & A Surrogate Battle between East & West for the Future of a Pivotal Land at the Geopolitical Crossroads

Since December last year, Turkey has been rocked by a series of arrests and waves of allegations that the government of AK Party Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan is riddled with corruption. Erdogan, a scrappy political infighter for all his eccentricities, has fought back and accused “foreign powers” of standing behind his now-arch enemy, former Imam Fethullah Gülen, considered by the US Embassy in Ankara to be the most powerful man in Turkey. What is unfolding across Turkey is far more interesting than your ordinary politician graft scandal. It is an open warfare, not for the future of democracy in Turkey—there is hardly a trace of that. Rather, it is a surrogate battle between East and West for the future of a pivotal land at the geopolitical crossroads between Asia, Europe and the Middle East.

The clash domestically inside Turkey is between the Justice and Police versus family and cronies of Erdogan. In reality it is a kind-of surrogate warfare between a faction in Washington of CIA and hard-core Dick Cheney neo-conservatives whose man in Turkey is Fethullah Gülen. Opposed to this formidable team if Erdogan, determined to survive, and an emerging alliance of Iran, China and even Putin’s Russia.

Fethullah Gülen, whose movement spans the globe and also has huge influence inside the German Islamic community. Respected German Islamic scholar, Professor Ursula Spuler-Stegemann of Marburg University, called the Gülen movement, “the most important and most dangerous Islamic movement in Germany. They’re everywhere.“ ("Sie ist die wichtigste und gefährlichste islamistische Bewegung in Deutschland", sagt die Marburger Islamwissenschaftlerin Ursula Spuler-Stegemann. "Sie sind überall.").[1]

In December Turkish police arrested Süleyman Aslan, Direktor of the state-owned  Halkbank, on charges he facilitated some $10 billion dollars of gold-for-oil trade with Iran. [2] Naturally, the neo-conservatives and their AIPAC lobby in the US Congress  are the ones upset at Erdogan’s skirting US sanctions against Iran that they pushed through the US Congress more than a year ago.

Erdogan’s Iran and Chinas Gambit

Now, rather than try to distance himself from Iran and the Halkbank deals, Erdogan has thrown down the gauntlet and traveled to Teheran to firm up a deeper strategic alliance with  Iran. He went there to boost trade and energy ties according to Turkish state TV. The report also mentions that Erdogan wants to repair the strains in Turkish-Iran relations after Turkey supported the attacks on Iran ally, Bashar al Assad in Syria the past two years. Erdogan noted to press after his talks with Khameni and President Rouhani, “It is obvious that we import from Iran crude oil and gas, which are strategic energy sources, and we (will be) able to increase the volume of these imports." Rouhani will also come to Ankara in the next months. Iran was Turkey’s third largest trade partner in 2012 at €16 billion before the latest US sanctions hit the oil trade. [3]

The Israeli intelligence-linked DebkaFile reports that the real reason for Erdogan’s Teheran talks is his, “spiting the Obama administration in the belief of a US plot to replace him with President Abdullah Gul and discredit him by corruption scandals implicating members of his family in sanctions-busting business with Iran through the state-owned Turkish Halkbank.” [4]

The warmer ties with Teheran and Erdogan’s government intersect closer Iran-Russian cooperation. On January 17, Iran’s President, Rouhani extended an invitation for Russia’s President Vladimir Putin to meet him in Teheran. Putin replied, “I hope to visit you in Tehran very soon.”

The Erdogan-Iran rapprochement follows a major initiative to forge closer ties with China and the Eurasian Shanghai Cooperation Organization to which Turkey is an Observer. Last October, Erdogan negotiated purchase of a long-range air and missile defense system with China Precision Machinery Import and Export Corp (CPMIEC) over rival bids from Russian, US and European firms.[5] That followed a major trip to Beijing in April 2012, the first by a Turkish Prime Minister in 27 years where billions of dollars of trade deals were signed. Erdogan has also requested full membership in the SCO.

Foreign plot?

That seems not all that exaggerated. In late December as Erdogan was striking back at the Gülenist corruption indictments by firing specific Gülen-loyal judges and purging the national police. At that time US Ambassador to Ankara, Francis Ricciardone, told EU ambassadors in Ankara in the first days of the graft probe that the US had asked Turkey to cut its Halkbank ties to Iran: “We requested the end of the financial ties of Halkbank with Iran. But they didn’t listen. You are watching the collapse of an empire [Turkey],” Ricciardone told the Yeni Şafak newspaper. The following day at an election rally of supporters, Erdogan threatened to expel the US Ambassador for interfering in internal Turkish affairs. [6]

More recently, an unusual OpEd appeared in the Washington Post under the title, “The United States needs to tell Turkey to Change its Course.” In it, the three authors declared, “Turkey’s prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, is destroying his country’s parlous democracy.” Further they wrote, “Erdogan has sought to destroy his opponents rather than compromise. After effectively sidelining the military’s political influence, Erdogan went after other centers of power: media, business leaders and civil society; now, the Gülenists, a strong, politically effective community.” [7]

The OpEd was signed by Morton Abramowitz, Eric Edelman and Blaise Misztal. Abramowitz is an alleged CIA operative turned US Ambassador to Turkey. [8] The fact they mention “the Gülenists, a strong, politically effective community,” is no casual affair. In 1998 Gülen, had taken political refuge from Turkish military government charges of treason for attempting to create an Islamic religious state in Turkey. He ended up in all places in the Pennsylvania Pocono hills in a remote estate, heavily guarded by followers.

In 2008, over the strong objections of the FBI, US State Department and Department of Homeland Security, Gülen managed to get a special Green Card and US permanent residency status. It was due to the intervention of Morton Abramowitz and Graham E. Fuller, former Istanbul CIA operative and Gülen supporter. According to former FBI Turkish translator and whistleblower, Sibel Edmonds, “Abramowitz, a known neocon, Israel lobbyist, CIA and State Department Operative, and Project on the New American Century signatory, has been one of Fethullah Gulen’s main handlers and backers.” [9]

Indeed, this Abramowitz, CIA, Neocon, Gülen network is precisely the “foreign-steered” network Erdogan accuses of trying to force him out. As one political wag once said to me, “Just because you’re paranoid don’t mean they ain’t out to get ya…” Erdogan is putting his finger on the very source of the destabilization and his new enemies in Washington know that only too well. His response is to turn to the very bitter foes of the Washington neocons.

The Turkish political drama is quite different from mainstream western media accounts and far more fascinating for the tectonic shift in global power relations now underway. Erdogan is clearly moving to firm ties with Iran, Assad’s Syria, Russia and China. Those were the very powers he sharply attacked two years ago for the situation in Syria when Erdogan was listening to Washington. Politics indeed sometimes has strange bedfellows. If Erdogan survives the Gülen-US neocon power play, the outlines of a new alignment of power with Turkey-Iran-Syria-Iraq-Russia-China could well emerge. It could form a new Eurasian center of influence to counter the NATO war faction that is backed by Netanyahu’s Likud and elements of the Israeli intelligence community.

# # # #

F. William Engdahl, BFP contributing Author & Analyst
William Engdahl is author of A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics in the New World Order. He is a contributing author at BFP and may be contacted through his website at www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net where this article was originally published.

Endnotes:


[1] Maximilian Popp, Islam: Der Pate, 6 August, 2012, SpiegelOnline, accessed in

http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/islam-das-treiben-des-tuerkischen-predigers-fethullah-guelen-a-850649.html

[2] F. William Engdahl, Die dunkle Hand hinter der türkischen Regierungskrise, Kopp-Online.de, 5 January, 2014, accessed in http://info.kopp-verlag.de/hintergruende/europa/f-william-engdahl/die-dunkle-hand-hinter-der-tuerkischen-regierungskrise.html.

[3] Parisa Hafezi, Turkeys Erdogan visits Iran to improve ties after split over Syria, Reuters, January 29, 2014, accessed in http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/29/us-iran-turkey-erdogan-idUSBREA0S11T20140129.

[4] DEBKAFile, Erdogan in Iran to hatch joint plans for striking US interests, DEBKAfile  Exclusive Report  January 29, 2014, accessed in http://www.debka.com/article/23634/Erdogan-in-Iran-to-hatch-joint-plans-for-striking-US-interests.

[5] Reuters, Erdogan says Turkey open to other bids if China missile defense deal fails, October 25, 2013, accessed in http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Erdogan-says-Turkey-open-to-other-bids-if-China-missile-defense-deal-fails-329740.

[6] Today’s Zaman, Erdoğan implies US ambassador could be expelled, 21 December 2013, TODAY'S ZAMAN, accessed in http://www.todayszaman.com/news-334605-erdogan-implies-to-expel-us-ambassador.html.

[7]Morton Abramowitz, Eric Edelman and Blaise Misztal, The United States needs to tell Turkey to change course, January 23, 2014, The Washington Post, accessed in http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-united-states-needs-to-tell-turkey-to-change-course/2014/01/23/3525bf52-7eda-11e3-93c1-0e888170b723_story.html.

[8] Sibel Edmonds, Boston Terror CIAs Graham Fuller and NATO CIA Operation Gladio B Caucasus and Central Asia, Boiling Frogs Post, April 27, 2013, accessed in http://www.boilingfrogspost.com/2013/04/27/bfp-breaking-news-boston-terror-cias-graham-fuller-nato-cia-operation-gladio-b-caucasus-central-asia/.

[9]Sibel Edmonds, CIA –Gladio’s Zionist Operatives Urge Obama to Overthrow Erdogan’s Administration, Boiling Frogs Post, January 23, 2014, accessed in   http://www.boilingfrogspost.com/2014/01/23/cia-gladios-zionist-operatives-urge-obama-to-overthrow-erdogans-administration/

 

Boston and the CIA ‘Snafu’ Part II: CIA’s Graham Fuller- A Deep State Rogue

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The open press statement of denial by senior reportedly former CIA official Graham Fuller in April of a link between the Boston Bombings and the CIA, labeling the reports absurd, may go down in history as one of the worst intelligence blunders in the past century. The public admission by Fuller, on a website reported tied to the CIA, of his relationship to the Uncle of the alleged but not ever convicted Boston bombers [1] opened a can of worms the CIA might well wish never had been opened.

In the first part, we discussed the role of CIAs Fuller in creating the policy of using angry Jihadist Muslims as trained terrorists in Afghanistan and elsewhere against the Soviet Union. [Read more...]

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GPUS-German author William Engdahl joins us today to explain the often under discussed role of big energy hiding in the shadows of orientalism in the conflict in Syria. Engdahl is the author of Myth, Lies, and Oil Wars. What would bring Qatar, Turkey, the Muslim Brotherhood, Israel, together with a green light from NATO and US media? Well, maybe natural gas. Tune in to see how it all connects - Syria, Turkey, Israel and a Greater Middle East Energy War.

Listen to the podcast show here:

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On January 20 Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron announced his country’s curious resolve to dedicate itself to deal with “the terrorism threat” in Mali and north Africa. Cameron declared, “It will require a response that is about years, even decades, rather than months, and it requires a response that…has an absolutely iron resolve…”[1] Britain in its colonial heyday never had a stake in Mali. Until it won independence in 1960, Mali was a French colony. [Read more...]